Headache is one such problem that bothers almost all the people whenever they suffer from it. However, several reasons, such as dehydration, eyestrain, etc., are possible reasons why people get headaches. One cannot imagine having a headache due to jaw. Sometimes, the TMJ or temporomandibular joint may be the cause of the headache. TMJ headaches can affect or bother you with your daily life. A TMJ headache is discomfort in the face, cheeks, and head caused by a TMJ condition. you can consult dentistsMedical professional, or physiotherapist, to diagnose TMJ headache. Let’s read more about it.
What is TMJ?
- The TMJ, the temporomandibular joint, plays a role like a hinge that slides and thus connects the jawbone to the skull.
- It is in front of the ears on both sides of the face. It aids the face in performing activities such as speaking and chewing.
- Sometimes there are disorders in the TMJ region. Causes of TMJ include dislocation of the joint, arthritis, trauma, stress, and excessive grinding of the teeth.
- The major symptoms of TMJ disorders include jaw pain, ear pain, headache, difficulty in opening the mouth, difficulty in chewing, etc.
What are the possible causes of TMJ headache?
- The exact cause of TMJ headache is unknown, but it is speculated that activities such as teeth grinding may trigger the headache.
- TMJ-related headache has been reported by 1 in 10 people. However, there are no specific reports regarding TMJ headache statistics, as it is often difficult to differentiate between TMJ headache and other common or non-common headaches.
- The muscles in the TMJ cover the jaw and cheeks, and when these muscles are sore due to fatigue, it also causes pain in the head, ie a headache. When the jaw muscles are tense, the pain spreads along the TMJ line to other muscles and thus causes a headache.
- TMJ headaches can also be related to osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and joint mobility conditions.
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What are the symptoms of TMJ headache?
There are many types of headaches; Common can arise due to other issues such as dehydration. TMJ headache arises due to the reasons mentioned above. The symptoms of a TMJ headache are similar to those of a normal headache; However, some other symptoms are typically seen with TMJ headaches. These symptoms include:
- stiffness in the muscles of the face and jaw
- face and jaw pain
- Jaw movement becomes restricted.
- jaw snap
- Changes in how the upper and lower parts of the mouth fit together.
- These headaches feel more like tension headaches, the most common type of headache that causes mild to severe pain behind the eyes and in the head and neck. It seems as if a tight hairband has been tied on the forehead.
How can I tell the difference between a TMJ headache and a migraine?
When there is extreme pain in the head, a person may think that it is a migraine. Migraine is considered a neurological condition that can cause a variety of symptoms. Additional differences between migraine and TMJ headache include nausea, difficulty speaking, and light sensitivity.
Migraine is diagnosed based on the clinical history. Common categories of migraine include chronic versus acute, also known as episodic.
The causes of migraine are not yet clearly defined, but certain factors like bright light, heat, dehydration, and loud music and sounds trigger migraine. TMJ headaches are caused by problems with the TMJ hinge.
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How to diagnose TMJ headache?
TMJ headache is caused by TMJ dysfunction or a related disorder. And so to diagnose TMJ headache, the dysfunction is studied by dental examination. The doctor studies the range of motion of the mouth when it opens and closes. Study the joints of the jaws when opening and closing the mouth.
In addition to these tests, X-rays or radiographs may be taken to view the jaw joint and determine the extent of damage.
Types of radiographs include:
- CBCT Scan- The scan, also called cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), collects hundreds of pictures of the teeth, jaw and bones in the face and sinuses. These images are then stitched together to obtain a three-dimensional image.
- MRI scan- These scans are used to view the tissues around the jaw joint. MRI images help determine the position of the disc and any possible swelling and locking of the jawbone. An MRI scan can help determine if the TMJ disc is working properly and if it is in good shape.
- panoramic radiograph These are dental X-rays that show an overview of the teeth, TMJ, and jawbone.
- TMJ Arthroscopy – This is a technique used in the determination of TMJ disorder. In this method, the doctor inserts a cannula, which is a small tube, into the space between the joints, and a camera is inserted into the space to monitor the area and diagnose what is seen. Is.
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What are the treatment options available for TMJ headache?
A reliable and safe plan is needed to treat most TMJ disorders, including TMJ headache; Therefore, traditional and conservative treatment methods are recommended.
Some treatment methods include the following
Jaw-related behavioral changes are helpful, including avoiding excess chewing and hard foods, reducing the amount of stress in life that causes jaw clenching, and avoiding jaw movements such as yawning and Chewing gum or any other chewing substance.
To manage the pain caused by TMJ headache, NSAIDs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can be used to control and reduce headache and jaw pain. examples of NSAIDs Include aspirin, ibuprofen etc.
Practicing exercises that help move the jaw relaxes the muscles and relieves symptoms.
Surgical treatment for TMJ headache –
If lifestyle changes don’t relieve symptoms, there may be other permanent treatments, including surgery.
These treatments include orthodontic procedures, which permanently alter the structure of the mouth and other parts of the mouth, helping to reduce symptoms. These treatments have not proven effective.
Other Methods of TMJ Headache Pain Relief –
TMJ headaches are caused by disorders in the TMJ region; Many exercises help relieve headaches by exercising the jaw muscles. They help in strengthening, stretching and increasing the mobility of the jaw muscles.
The TMJ, the temporomandibular joint, is involved in movement and mobility of the jaw and speech and chewing movements. When a strain or dislocation of the TMJ occurs, it produces a number of symptoms, including headache. This is called a TMJ headache, along with pain and immobility in the jaw. It is diagnosed using X-rays and MRI and depending on the severity of the condition, the doctor prescribes various treatment methods.